This article is about Japanese traditional crafts the Japanese swords.

What Is Japanese Sword 『Nihonto』?

The “Japanese sword” often seen in old dramas and movies is the cutlery considered to have the best sharpness in the world. There may be many people who actually decorate Japanese swords and simulated swords at home. Such a Japanese sword came to the warped form that we imagined in the late Heian period-the early Kamakura period. Since then, the Japanese sword has been handed down by the swordsman and has been handed over to the present day.

Japanese Swords Characteristics

The main feature of the Japanese sword is its beautiful appearance. The Japanese sword, which has an arc on the back of the blade and cuts the meat deep from the back to the blade so as not to lose strength, is lighter and easier to handle than imagined from size. In addition, the cross-section of the blade is also distinctive, and the cross-section is hexagonal in order to increase the strength of the sword. Also, one of the elements that bring out a beautiful look is “Hamon”. Hamon is the waved pattern drawn on a sword and is one of the attractiveness of Japanese swords.

Japanese Swords Material


Tamahagane is the material used to make Japanese swords. Tamahagane steel is a high purity steel (Hagane) that does not contain impurities other than carbon and is steel made by low-temperature reduction of high-quality sand iron. This Tamahagane steel is mixed with old iron and forged, and it is worked to become a hard and flexible sword by forging a thing with much carbon near the blade and a thing with a little carbon near the inner core.

Do You Need Any Liscense To Make A Sword!?

To make a Japanese sword, you need to have a sword permission license. In order to obtain permission license for the work, you must have been trained for more than four years with a swordsman who already has the work permission, receive a recommendation from the prefectural board of education, and will be held annually by the Japan Agency for Cultural Affairs. You must complete the Art Swords Craftsmanship Preservation Workshop. In addition, there are few people who can make a living only with a sword even if they become a swordsman, and it is said that they can not truly become a swordsman if they do not have such a path. Although there is a shortage of successors for creators in Japanese traditional crafts, the sword industry has many young creators compared to other traditional crafts, and it is a Japanese sword that attracts people who are not very interested in traditional culture. You can feel that there is a unique attraction.

Sharpness Of Japanese Sword

One of the attractiveness of the Japanese sword is its good sharpness. The sharpness of the Japanese sword is said to be the best in the world, and hard bamboo can be cut into two beautifully. In addition, iron can be cut, and the goodness of the sharpness has received high praise from foreign countries.